Alcohol

Alcohol is a depressant. It slows down your brain and reactions, can last for several hours depending on how much you drink. It will make you dehydrated, increase your appetite, increase the risk of accidents. Alcohol lowers your inhibitions so you are more likely to do something you wouldn't do if sober. Linking it with unsafe sex and violence. It may cause drowsiness, make you sick and give you a  hangover.

Alcohol is really dangerous if mixed with other substances and long-term or heavy regular use can lead serious health issues like liver damage.Alcohol can be physically addictive and you may need help to stop drinking. 

Alcohol is legal but sales restricted for under 18's.


Amphetamine
Also known as: Whizz, Speed, Sulphate or Billy

Amphetamine is a stimulant which can be snorted or swallowed. It increases energy levels,can make you feel more confident, it also suppresses your appetite and prevents you from sleeping properly. The effects can last for  3-4 hours, but it can take a couple of days for your body to recover. after use you may feel tired , lethargic and unable to sleep, some people feel depressed and regular use has been linked to mental health problems.

Amphetamines are Class B drugs.

  


 

Benzodiazepines

 

Also known as: Blues, Playstation 2's or Benzo's

Benzodiazepines are depressant drugs, they come in tablet form which are swallowed. They are a group of drugs that are normally prescribed by doctors as sleeping tablets and to relieve anxiety. They are also used illegally, Benzodiazepines can cause drowsiness, forgetfulness and confusion.they can impair your judgement and you are more likely to have an accident when you use them the effects can last 3-6 hours. it is easy to take too many tablets and overdose  it is dangerous to use them with alcohol. Benzodiazepines are physically addictive and can be difficult to stop using.

Benzodiazepines are illegal (Class C) to possess without a prescription.

 


 Cannabis
Also known as Hash, Grass, Weed, Blow, Draw,Skunk Marijuana (and many more)

Cannabis is a depressant drug, it comes from a plant, there are many different types of cannabis some of which are very strong and can make you hallucinate. It is usually smoked.

It can make you feel more relaxed and mentally stimulated, it also decreases energy levels and can make you feel hungry. Cannabis can cause forgetfulness, confusion and anxiety. Smoking cannabis can give you problems with your lungs and affect your short term memory

Stronger types of cannabis can make you hallucinate, and feel nauseous, give you panic attacks, feelings of paranoia, and have been linked to mental health problems . The effects can last 2-4 hours.

Cannabis is ILLEGAL, it is a Class B drug.


Cocaine
Also known as Charlie, Coke or Snow.

Cocaine is stimulant drug it is usually snorted. It increases energy levels, can give you more confident, and feel physically strong. Cocaine increases blood pressure and heart rate. it can give you  dry mouth, sweaty and lose your appetite. the effects wear off quickly within 20  - 30 minutes.

Sometimes it can make you feel very anxious and panic,after use you may feel very tired and depressed. It is very dangerous to mix cocaine and alcohol as the mix to create a new substance in the body which puts extra strain on the body and may cause serious heart problems.

Cocaine is illegal, it  is a Class A drug


 

Crack Cocaine

 

 
Also known as rocks, crack and stone

Crack cocaine is a stimulant, it is generally smoked, it is a solid and stronger form of cocaine. It increases your heart rate and blood pressure with a very quick rush which is followed by an intense high that lasts about 5 -10 minutes, it also increases alertness and confidence.

Once the drug wears off you can feel tired , lethargic and down, it can make you irritable and angry also causing anxiety and paranoia. Once you start using you may have cravings to keep using , which means you will have to spend a lot of money to pay for it. You are at risk of violence and aggression as crack can cause you to react before thinking about the consequences.

Crack Cocaine is illegal, it is a Class A drug


Ecstasy
Also known as MDMA, E, Pills, Doves and many more

Ecstasy is a stimulant it is a type of amphetamine, it comes in tablet form and is swallowed. It can make you feel relaxed, happy, euphoric and sociable. It's effects can last up to 3 -4 hours depending on how much you take. Ecstasy will stop you feeling hungry and you may find it difficult to sleep after using, you may also feel down and anxious.

Ecstasy makes your body temperature increase and it is easy to dehydrate when using it, which can lead to overeating and in some cases has resulted in death.

Ecstasy is illegal, it is a Class A drug.

 


GHB

Also known as GBH, liquid ecstasy.

GHB (Gammahydroxybutyrate) is a depressant. It comes in a clear liquid form that is swallowed. In small doses it promotes euphoria, relaxation and well being, but in higher doses can cause dizziness, nausea, muscle spasms loss of consciousness and even coma.

The effects of GHB can last 1 - 4 hours depending on the amount taken, it is dangerous to use with alcohol because this intensifies the effects.

GHB is illegal, it is a Class C drug.


Heroin
Also known as Smack, Skag, H, horse or Henry

Heroin is a depressant, it comes in powder form and is generally brown in colour, it can be smoked or injected. Heroin slows down  your heart rate and breathing, and can reduce physical and emotional pain. It makes you feel warm and drowsy and reduces your appetite.If you take too much heroin it is easy to overdose and stop breathing, heroin is physically addictive and difficult to stop if you use it regularly, you will generally need support from a substance misuse service to stop.It's effects can last 3-6 hours.

Heroin is illegal, it is a Class A drug.


Ketamine
Also known as Special K, Super K, Vitamin K, Kit Kat, Green.

Ketamine is a dissociative anaesthetic, which is snorted or swallowed. It can make you have feelings of  increased energy and euphoria it also causes hallucinations, numbness and out of body experiences.Ketamine can also make you feel like you are not in control which means you are more at risk of accidents or being attacked. It has been linked to mental health problems including panic attacks and depression. The effects last 1-3 hours.  Ketamine has also been proven to cause severe damage to the bladder leaving users permanently incontinent or having to have an operation to remove the damaged bladder.

Ketamine is illegal, it is a Class C drug.


LSD (Lysergic Acid)
Also known as Acid, Trips or Tabs.

LSD is a hallucinogenic drug, which is a liquid that is dropped onto blotting paper is swallowed. LSD alters perception and awareness causing you to have a 'trip', where you see things differently to reality. It can cause anxiety and panic attacks and has been linked to mental health problems. The effects last 6-12 hours and once the 'trip' has started you cannot stop it.

LSD is illegal, it is a Class A drug.


Magic Mushrooms
Also known as mushies or liberty caps

Magic mushrooms are a hallucinogenic drug, they are swallowed. They are similar to LSD which alters perception and awareness, allowing you to see things differently from reality Magic mushrooms can cause nausea, anxiety and panic attacks.There is risk that you may swallow poisonous mushrooms by mistake. The effects last 4 hours.

Magic mushrooms are illegal, it is a Class A drug



Mephedrone

 

Also known as bubble, miaow miaow, MCAT or meph

Mephedrone is a stimulant drug, which comes in powder form and is snorted. It can make you feel euphoric, happy and full of energy, many people report losing all sense of time when using it. Mephedrone can burns your nose when snorted, make you feel sick and the feelings can be overpowering. You may also get skin rashes, grind you teeth and feel down and tired after using. Not much is known about the long term effects of Mephedrone because it is such a new drug.The effects can last for about 20 - 30 minutes.

Mephedrone is illegal, it is a Class B drug.


Naphyrone

Also known as: Energy - 1, NRG- 1, NRG-2,

Naphyrone is a stimulant that is similar to Mephedrone, comes in poweder form and is snorted. It makes you feel full of energy and feelings of euphoria but can also make you hallucinate and feel paranoid give you problems with sleep and concentrations. Not alot is known about the long term effects of this drug so it's important to be careful.

Naphyrone is a Class B drug


Nicotine

Nicotine is a stimulant, comes in the form of tobacco which is usually smoked. It increases heart rate and blood pressure, increases concentration and suppresses appetite. Smoking tobacco causes throat and chest infections and is linked to terminal illnesses such as emphysema and cancer. Nicotine is physically addictive and generally you will need medical help to stop. The effects last around 15-20 minutes.

Nicotine as tobacco is legal, but supply is restricted for under 18's.


Solvents (Glue, lighter Fuel, Petrol, Aerosols)

 

 
Also known as volatile substances

Solvents are a depressant which are inhaled. You will feel an initial rush  which is followed by drowsiness, nausea and lack of coordination. Some types of solvents can cause hallucinations. Solvents can cause death due heart failure, choking on vomit and accidents, this can happen the first time or the twentieth time you use solvents.The effects last 15-45 minutes.

Solvents are legal but not safe, and the sale of some volatile substances restricted for people under 18.


Steroids

Also known as roids, anabolic steroids

Steroids are a type of hormone that comes is liquid or tablet form, which is swallowed or injected. Steroids can increase muscle mass and strength, increase energy, motivation, confidence and self esteem. It can also cause lots of  problems including acne, heart and liver problems, mood swings, depression increased aggression. In women it can cause growth of facial hair, decreased breast size and deepening of the voice, in men it can cause baldness, development of breasts, shrinking of testicles and infertility.

Steroids are illegal, they are a Class C drug.

 
 
http://www.360substancemisuse.org.uk